En esta página se listarán los resultados científicos relevantes que se alcancen en el desarrollo del programa MIPAC-CM.
Ramírez Barat, B., Cano, E., Molina, M.T., Barbero-Álvarez, M.A., Rodrigo, J.A., Menéndez, J.M.
Design and validation of tailored colour reference charts for monitoring cultural heritage degradation
Colour changes of cultural heritage objects can be related with degradation of materials, thus a proper colour monitoring system can be used to detect conservation problems. With this purpose, a monitoring methodology for cultural heritage preventive conservation based on tailored colour reference charts and image analysis is proposed.
Reference colour charts have been designed and tested for use in museums. Charts containing 64 colour patches have been printed using high-stability inks on 4 different substrates: Acid-free paper SkyLight, Acid-free paper covered with a propylene film, FOREX® and GlassPack. The stability has been studied by accelerated ageing in an UV chamber, and the harmlessness of the materials by Oddy Test. The final selection of material, laminated paper, is a balance between the colour change upon ageing and the performance in the Oddy Test. Using this material and the proposed design, colour change of copper and silver coupons has been assessed using images that are adjusted and calibrated by an adaptive calibration framework employing a given set of reference colours which homogenises the visual information in the supplied images. Thus, regardless of the camera of origin, any processed picture will deliver reliable information of the state of the colour in the metal surfaces at the moment it was taken.
Results demonstrate the adequacy of the approach and the design for colour calibration, so these charts can be used to monitor colour change of sensitive materials –metal coupons– using photographs. As colour change of reference metals is a consequence of corrosion by environmental factors this may be used as a measure of air quality in museum environments. This methodology can be used to design a low-cost preventive conservation tool, where colour change of metal coupons –or other reference materials– can be followed through image analysis of pictures taken periodically by conservators or visitors, introducing citizen science in the conservation strategy.(2021) Heritage Science, 9 (1), art. no. 41
Barbero-Álvarez, M.A., Menéndez, J.M., Rodrigo, J.A.
In this paper, an adaptive image calibration technique suitable for cultural heritage surveillance in controlled environments is proposed. Heritage pieces, as objects important to conserve, are prone to degradation and thus in the need of a constant watch in order to assess the moment where maintenance is required, preferably in a non-invasive way. By means of a crowdsourcing approach, we take as surveillance cues the pictures visitors take of the piece under surveillance to avoid the need of a permanent human effort on monitoring. In this paper we propose a novel image calibration approach destined to monitor the state of a cultural heritage piece taking as information cues photographs of different sources. Our technique aims to surpass the colorimetry difference between pictures taken by different cameras, performing an adaptive linear interpolation having a given display with a set of colours as reference values, thus transforming the initial colour space of any picture to a fixed one. This is performed in the RGB domain. Lastly, the pictures are transformed to the CIELAB space to extract the colour coordinates and measure the overall objective quality of the calibration. Acting like this allows the heritage monitoring of its possible degradation along time in an effective way without incurring in expensive resources.(2020) IEEE Access, 8, pp. 185093-185111
Aportaciones a congresos
En el congreso METALEspaña2020 se presentó una ponencia oral de título: “Estrategias innovadoras para la conservación preventiva de los objetos metálicos en colecciones de museos“
Mª Teresa Molina Delgado, Blanca Ramírez Barat, Iván Díaz Ocaña y Emilio Cano Díaz